Lucrecia Kasilag (August 31, 1917—August 16, 2008) was a Filipino composer, music educator, and National Artist for Music. She studied composition with Wayne Barlow. She was also a former president of the Cultural Center of the Philippines, head of the Asian Composers League, Chairperson of the Philippine Society for Music Education, and was one of the pioneers of the Bayanihan Dance Company. She is credited for having written more than 200 musical compositions, ranging from folksongs to opera to orchestral works, and was composing up to the year before she died, at age 90. She is particularly known for incorporating indigenous Filipino instruments into orchestral productions.